Soil analysis

Identify and evaluate existing pollutants 

Soil is a legally protected good. Harmful changes to soil and groundwater can occur in particular through industrial, commercial, military and agricultural use. Proper precautionary measures, hazard prevention and disposal of contaminated sites are based on statutory precautionary and test values.

Extensive chemical analyses for substances contained in the soil are required for the following measures, among others:

  • Orienting investigation and detailed investigation of old sites and old deposits according to BBodSchV
  • Investigation of armament contamination
  • In-situ sampling before construction starts
  • Investigation of excavated soil and topsoil from heaps
  • Monitoring of soil treatment plants

The pollutant concentrations determined in the process are an important decision criterion for

  • Necessary remediation measures
  • Creation of monitoring programs
  • Calculation of costs for recovery or disposal
  • Professional disposal or reuse of excavated soil

In order to minimize the risk of undiscovered harmful soil changes, you only receive results that have been checked for plausibility.

SYNLAB Environment is accredited according to DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005 for sampling and analysis and also has notifications according to the soil and contaminated sites module.


  • Old sites: contaminated sites of former industrial enterprises (e.g. gas works, abandoned tanneries or chemical cleanings)
  • Old deposits: Areas on which waste was previously treated, stored or deposited (e.g. municipal waste dumps or industrial landfills for production residues) and from which soil or groundwater contamination originates.
  • Military waste sites: sites where soil, water or air pollution is caused by chemicals from conventional and chemical warfare agents and which pose a risk to individuals or the general public, e.g. former production sites, munitions storage sites, blasting and shooting ranges, as well as intermediate and final storage sites for explosive ordnance.
  • Measures, test and precautionary values in accordance with BBodSchV for the "soil-human", "soil useful plant" and "soil-groundwater" paths of action
  • Precautionary soil values according to BBodSchV
  • Allocation values LAGA Announcement 20
  • Country-specific assignment values for converting LAGA M20, such as
  • Assignment values according to DepV

Our services:

  • TOC
  • Water content/dry matter
  • Bulk density
  • Particle size distribution
  • PH
  • antimony, barium, beryllium, cobalt, molybdenum, selenium, vanadium, tin
  • arsenic, lead, cadmium, chromium total, copper, nickel, mercury, thallium, zinc
  • Chromate, Cyanide u Fluoride
  • BTEX and LHKW
  • Alkyl ether
  • Hydrocarbons (MKW)
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB)
  • Chlorophenols
  • Chlorobenzenes
  • Plant protection products (PBSM)
  • Compounds typical of explosives (STV)
  • Organotin compounds (OZV)
  • Perfluorinated and polyfluorinated chemicals (PFC)
  • NSO heterocycles
  • Dioxins/furans and dl-PCB
  • 10:1 shaking method (DIN EN 12457-4)
  • 2:1 percolation process (DIN 19528)
  • 2:1 shaking process (DIN 19529)
  • Extraction with ammonium nitrate solution (DIN 19730)
  • Resorption availability (DIN 19738)



Ermittlung toxischer Einzelkongenere, Berechnung der Toxizitätsäquivalentkonzentration (TEQ), Grenzund Richtwerte für Dioxine nach NATO/CCMS, BGA/ UBA oder WHO – ein nicht ganz trivialer Weg zum Ergebnis!


SYNLAB gehört zu den wenigen Prüfeinrichtungen, welche neben der aquatischen Ökotoxizität auch die terrestrische Ökotoxizität und Prüfungen mit dem Wasser/Sediment-System anbieten. Darüber hinaus führen wir ökotoxikologische Bewertungen wie z. B. die Einstufung nach den Wassergefährdungsklassen durch.

For more information

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